Some ministers further raised the stakes by invoking the image of the Antichrist or the prospect of the millennium.
Increased labor demand by enriched and empowered rulers, and the decline in clerical services required for salvation in Protestant theology, will reduce church sector labor demand relative to the secular sector.
As a consequence, returns to investments in human capital specific to church careers will fall, and forward-looking students will shift their human capital investments accordingly. The missionary claque was badly defeated in Palestine, Vietnam, China, and elsewhere, losing out repeatedly to Eurocentric and Cold War priorities.
The Reformation also had important effects in small towns as well as large cities. The missionary project was in crucial respects an engine of secularization.
We finally consider a third measure of resource allocation: major construction events as summary statistics for the allocation of bundles of resources, embodying land, physical, financial, and human capital. Some Protestants grounded these fundamental rights in the spiritual and civic duties of the Decalogue.