Dissertation referencing

how to cite a masters thesis apa

Plagiarism is not always dishonest — you may not be intentionally passing off someone else's work as your own — but if you don't cite any source that may have influenced your thinking you're open to plagiarism accusations.

Example: Jones emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.

harvard referencing

Theses and dissertations from online sources Reference format for a thesis from a commercial database: Author, A. Skip straight to the issue that affects you:.

How to write references in thesis

If you're fortunate enough to have a choice in your referencing system, these questions should help you decide between the alternatives before you. The Scholar's Complete Guide to Referencing. If you're lucky your university will let you choose between their preferred styles of parenthetical referencing and footnote referencing for Arts or Humanities subjects or their preferred parenthetical and numerical styles for Sciences or Social Sciences. In text: Scholars often complain that there are "far too many referencing styles for the young scholar to keep track of" Smith , 6. You need to pay particularly close attention to this if you're using reference management software to keep track of your sources and generate your bibliography. You need to develop a systematic way of tracking and organising works you've read and cited, both for your own retrieval later and for use in in-text citations and your bibliography. Be systematic If you're referencing a dissertation, you're likely to have many tens if not hundreds of sources. TItle of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis. In the References list: Smith, Arnold. The parenthetical reference includes the author's surname and the year of publication or just the year of publication if the author's name is clear from the context.

Author-date entries must always form a unique identifier for a particular source — if a scholar has been exceptionally busy in a given year and produced multiple papers that are being cited in the present written work, the convention is to refer to them, both in-text and in the reference list, using the convention a, b, etc.

Use software to help you There are various ways to do this: you might prefer to set up a spreadsheet or just keep thorough notes as you research.

how to cite a dissertation apa 6th edition

You need to develop a systematic way of tracking and organising works you've read and cited, both for your own retrieval later and for use in in-text citations and your bibliography.

Avoiding plagiarism The first reason most universities will give for why accurate citation is crucial is that it protects you from accusations of plagiarism. Universities often have subscriptions to commercial packages like RefWorks and EndNote, but you can still save a lot of time with a freeware package like Zotero though it has far less sophisticated bibliography-generating tools, and with far fewer citation formats, than the commercial tools.

How to cite a phd

Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis. Example: "It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent" Jones, , p. The parenthetical reference includes the author's surname and the year of publication or just the year of publication if the author's name is clear from the context. UMI No. Always check the title page, or subsequent pages, to determine exactly what the work is Use the information there for your APA reference At Auckland University of Technology and other NZ universities Thesis is either for a doctoral or a master's degree. MLA and Chicago tend to dominate in Arts and Humanities disciplines especially in North America ; APA is very common in the Social Sciences, while one of the many variants of the Harvard system can turn up in any discipline anywhere in the world! Exercise and osteoarthritis of the knee Unpublished master's dissertation. Three or more authors If a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase "et al. Elsewhere In some other parts of the world such as North America, a dissertation may be for a doctoral degree and a thesis for a master's degree. TItle of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis. Example: Jones emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent. Example: It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent Jones, So, if you introduce a quote with "Smith says that…" you wouldn't normally repeat Smith's name a few words later in parentheses. Author-date entries must always form a unique identifier for a particular source — if a scholar has been exceptionally busy in a given year and produced multiple papers that are being cited in the present written work, the convention is to refer to them, both in-text and in the reference list, using the convention a, b, etc.

Jones et al. Other reasons Beyond covering yourself, though, there are a couple of other reasons why you should practise good citation habits. MLA and Chicago tend to dominate in Arts and Humanities disciplines especially in North America ; APA is very common in the Social Sciences, while one of the many variants of the Harvard system can turn up in any discipline anywhere in the world!

Examples of parenthetical styles.

How to reference a thesis in word

If you set it to output a reference list in "Harvard" you can be almost certain that your list won't quite match the format your university expects and you'll have to do some manual formatting to get it right. Either way, it's common scholarly courtesy to make sure anyone who reads your work can trace the influences on your thinking, data, and methodology in a clear and transparent way. But by far the most efficient way to store, retrieve, and cite the sources you find — especially if you're working with lots of recent, online sources — is to use reference management software. APA, for example, is designed for use in Social Sciences contexts and doesn't have a straightforward built-in mechanism for specifying page numbers, since it is expected that the vast majority of the time it will be used to reference paraphrases and summaries rather than direct quotations. Be systematic If you're referencing a dissertation, you're likely to have many tens if not hundreds of sources. The Scholar's Complete Guide to Referencing. How do I reference my sources effectively and consistently? Terminology Thesis and dissertation can mean different things, depending on which institution the work is from. If you're lucky your university will let you choose between their preferred styles of parenthetical referencing and footnote referencing for Arts or Humanities subjects or their preferred parenthetical and numerical styles for Sciences or Social Sciences. Accession or Order No. Citing other scholars extensively helps you to make the implicit rhetorical argument that you're well-read and informed on your subject, and readers are more likely to be convinced by your argument if you identify and cite reputable scholarly work that supports your interpretations. Example of use Note: the examples of sources used here and throughout this post are fictitious. You need to provide a reference to any work done by others that you've incorporated into your own work. Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis.

Example: Jones et al.

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Thesis or dissertation