How to write a literature review for dissertation examples

How to write a literature review for dissertation examples

Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap. For post-graduate research papers, identifying research gaps and formulating research questions that can address these gaps form the very essence of a research paper. It is important to keep the focus on your study, rather than on the literature Wellington Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. Biological conservation, 10 , pp. It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea. As the example above suggests, a dissertation literature review must be written using a formal and academic style. What is your interpretation of a particular source? Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: an interpretation. There are a lot of misunderstandings about what a dissertation literature review entails. What is already known or understood about this topic? Nevertheless, there are some essential steps that apply across all disciplines and that you should ensure you follow: Do not simply describe the opinions of writers Analyse, analyse, analyse, and ensure that your analysis is critical what have the writers missed; where does your opinion sit with theirs, etc.

Another route would be to simply read as much as you can on your research subject while considering which research areas still need addressing in the literature — this is usually an indication of research gaps.

The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study. Use with caution.

literature review structure

How did they go about answering a particular research question? You still need to balance theory with current approaches, as you will need to demonstrate the ways in which perspectives in the literature have changed over the years, or you may even want to demonstrate how scholars have used classic theories to inform their work.

how to write a literature review for dummies

Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence ref.

You need to check what is required within your own discipline. Interpret the major issues surrounding your topic.

Extended literature review dissertation

The Literature Review connects your ideas to the ideas in your field. There are a lot of misunderstandings about what a dissertation literature review entails. Similarly, if there are some studies that you will be referring to more than to others, it would be useful to give them a full report and critique at this stage. Include the following content in your Literature Review: Provide an overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration. Wherever possible, use original source material rather than summaries or reviews by others. Establishes significance of territory. How does the publication contribute to your understanding of the topic? Pay attention to the academic language and formal style used. Source: Reed, M. You may even want to do both at once. This will then provide you with a long reference list, and some evaluation of the references it contains. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

You must refer to various sources when making a point; see the sample paragraph above for an example of this.

Blackstock et al. Present terminology and viewpoints on the topic in an unbiased and comprehensive manner.

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Literature reviews