The origin and history of the british cabinet

Ministers now came to share with the king responsibility for the processes of government, and it became their task to defend policy proposals in parliament.

cabinet government

The year-old has for some time been considered a rising star in the Tory party and a possible future prime minister. The allocation and transfer of responsibilities between ministers and departments is also generally at the Prime Minister's discretion.

The number of junior ministers who are peers has increased since Under circumstances of gross failure in their department, a minister is expected to resign and may be forced to do so by the Prime Ministerwhile their civil servants remain permanent and anonymous.

Theresa may cabinet

Unlike PMQs both the cabinet ministers for the department and junior ministers within the department may answer on behalf of the government, depending on the topic of the question. The modern Cabinet system was set up by Prime Minister David Lloyd George during his premiership, —, with a Cabinet Office and Secretariat, committee structures, unpublished minutes also known as protocols or, informally, notes and a clearer relationship with departmental Cabinet ministers. Cabinet ministers who disagree with major decisions are expected to resign, Robin Cook being a recent example over the decision to go to war with Iraq in Despite the need for consensus and collective action within a cabinet, ultimate decision-making power rests in the prime minister as the leader of his party. Committees [9] of both the House of Commons and House of Lords hold the government to account, scrutinise its work and examine in detail proposals for legislation. Technically, therefore, the Cabinet is composed of many more people than legal offices, since the Secretary of Stateship is actually in commission, as is the position of Lord High Treasurer , with the Prime Minister and Chancellor being the First and Second Lords of the Treasury, respectively. Ministers now came to share with the king responsibility for the processes of government, and it became their task to defend policy proposals in parliament. In recent governments, generally from Margaret Thatcher , and especially in that of Tony Blair , it has been reported that many or even all major decisions have been made before cabinet meetings.

Despite primary accountability to the Monarch, these ministries, having a group of ministers running the country, served as a predecessor of the modern perspective of cabinet. This means that decisions have collective responsibility behind them — all Cabinet members would be expected to publicly support and defend such policies.

In the modern political era, the Prime Minister releases information concerning Cabinet rank in the form of a list detailing the seniority of all Cabinet ministers.

cabinet government definition

He will attend Cabinet but not as a full member. Both he and George II made use of the system, as both were non-native English speakers, unfamiliar with British politics, and thus relied heavily on selected groups of advisers.

Cabinet meetings are not required under the U. The Richmond MP was previously a junior minister in the department for housing, local government and communities.

The origin and history of the british cabinet

It requires the support of the House of Commons for the maintenance of supply by voting through the government's budgets and to pass primary legislation. The current Labour Cabinet numbers These may be "planted" questions for the advantage of the Government, or antagonistic questions from the Opposition, or may genuinely seek information. This often follows a short period of intense media and opposition pressure for them to do so. This is exercised by the monarch, who also theoretically has the power to refuse assent, although no monarch has refused assent to a bill passed by Parliament since Queen Anne in Therefore all members of a government Cabinet are members of the Privy Council. Despite the custom of meeting on a Thursday, after the appointment of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister the meeting day was switched to Tuesday. She is openly Thatcherite and to the right of the party. Thus, business is done more efficiently. Cabinet of the U. By convention she appoints and is expected to appoint the individual most likely to be capable of commanding the confidence of a majority in the House of Commons. The Attorney General for England and Wales together with the chair of the governing political party, are customarily included, and other members of the Government can be invited at the Prime Minister's discretion, either regularly or ad hoc. The support of the Lords, while useful to the government in getting its legislation passed without delay, is not vital.

The current Cabinet members who buck this trend are Gordon Brown who is considered to be highly skilled in economic matters and Estelle Morris, who as Minister for Education, has a teaching background.

The Cabinet has no official standing in itself.

cabinet members
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Prime Minister Boris Johnson: Does his cabinet reflect 'modern Britain'?